TSUBAZERIAI – Ways to separate

TSUBAZERIAI – Ways to Separate


These Rules are introduced to minimise the risk of transmission of coronavirus during shiai. They will remain in place while the pandemic continues.

Click to view accompanying TSUBAZERIAI-Notes

1 – Shiai-sha shall avoid tsubazeriai.

2 – When tsubazeriai cannot be avoided and there is contact, shiai-sha must either:
> execute hikiwaza, or waza after taiatari, as soon as they come in contact with each other, or,
> if no waza is executed, both shiai-sha shall proactively and immediately separate themselves from each other.

3 – Shai-sha shall make effort in separating themselves without waiting for the shinpan to call “wakare”.

4 – If this does not happen and tsubazeriai or other contact continues, shinpan shall call “Wakare” immediately.

5 – Shiai-sha shall be penalised with hansoku if refusing to separate, if intentionally wasting time, or if they continue to approach their opponent with defensive posture (i.e. avoiding fighting).

6 – When mutually separating, whether of their own accord or as a result of “wakare” being called by the shushin, shiai-sha shall do so together, in equal spirits, and with the shinogi in contact. Shiai-sha shall not open or lower their kensen. Shiai-sha shall move to a distance where their kensen do not touch.

7 – Shiai-sha shall not press, strike or maki (twist) opponent’s shinai, or gyaku-kousa (cross shinai on the ura) whilst separating.

8 – No waza shall be attempted or executed whilst shiai-sha are separating. If a waza is executed, that waza shall not be considered yukou-datotsu.

9 – If a waza is attempted or executed whilst shiai-sha are separating, the offending shiai-sha may be penalised a hansoku. This includes oikomi datotsu (chasing datotsu), or feigning to separate then executing a waza.

10 – In each situation above, shinpan shall confer in gogi and make judgement as to whether to award hansoku based on each cause and circumstance.

Issued by VKTC for use at 2021 Victorian Kendo Championships